The Zimtstern mitts are started at the thumb then increased - they combine techniques used in the hexagon mitts and the circle mitts. The stitches in star shape are added as surface crochet (or surface slip stitches) in between the knitted rows. Because of the unusual construction and since surface crochet is fiddly work, the pattern is not really suited for beginners.
This work by Knitting and so on is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
As with the patterns mentioned above, these are knitted in one piece, i.e. no yarn is cut which minimizes the weaving in of ends.
- about 30 grams of fingering weight yarn - preferably variegated
- 3mm dpns (even if you prefer the magic loop technique you will need a 3rd needle for a three-needle bind-off)
- 2.5mm crochet hook
- 6 stitch markers
Gauge / Size
- 7 sts and 9 rows = 2cm x 2cm
- the finished mitt is about 20 cm high (highest point) with 15 cm circumference at the lower edge (ribbing) and about 14 cm at the top
Techniques and Non-Standard Abbreviations
- Surface Crochet or surface slip stitches: Using a crochet hook, you make slip stitches through your knitted fabric. The photo on the right shows how it looks when adding surface slip stitches to a knitted fabric. Here's a video and here's a tutorial that both show surface crochet.
- Three-Needle Bind-Off: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wpJUrCX52DU
- Short Rows in the Round (and t+ky)
I learned short rows in the round with this helpful video:
however, I ended up doing the pick-ups differently.
"Wrapping" of the Stitches
Basically, when you're on the RS, you do wrap the working yarn around the next stitch (from front to back) and then turn your work, i.e. the "normal" wrap and turn (w+t).
When you are on the wrong side you slip the last stitch, turn your work with the yarn in front, wrap the yarn around the RIGHT needle and knit the slipped stitch. That creates a sort of double-stitch - one half of it has to be knitted together with the stitch in front when you're picking up the stitches. In the pattern, throughout the pattern I will call this stitch, t+ky (short for "turn and knit w/yarn-over").
When encountering a w+t, I turned the wrapped stitch on the needle, picked up the wrap from the front and knitted the stitch and the wrap together through the back of the loop.
When reaching the stitch BEFORE the “double-stitch”, I turned this stitch and knitted it together with the yo through the back of the loop.
- “Make One Purl”-Stitches (a video that shows these stitches):
- mk1p right-leaning: make one purl stitch by inserting the needle from the back in the bar between the two stitches and purl
- mk1p left-leaning: make one purl stitch by inserting the needle from the back in the bar between the two stitches and purl through the back of the loop
Part I - Thumb
Join in round
Rounds 1-10: *k1tbl p2 (repeat from * till end of round)
Round 11: *k1tbl p1, mk1p, p1 (repeat from * till end of round)
Rounds 12-15: *k1tbl p1 (repeat from * till end of round)
Round 16: *place marker, k1tbl p1 k1tbl p1 (repeat from * till end of round)
(You have 24 sts on your needles)
Part II - Increases in the Round
Round 0: k
Round 1: *slip marker, k1, mk1l, k to marker; mk1r (repeat from * till end of round) (after this round you have increased by 12 sts)
Round 2: k
Round 3: k
Round 4: add surface crochet, put the loop from the last stitch on the knitting needle
Round 5: pass loop from crochet hook over the first stitch; knit first stitch; k to end, k to end
Repeat rounds 1-5 a total of 4 times
Then repeat them once more but add a "mini-ribbing" (k1 p1) and bind-off in the last sixth of the hexagon, i.e.:
Round 21: *slip marker, k1, mk1l, k to marker; mk1r (repeat from * till end of round)
Round 22: k
Round 23: k until the last marker k1, *k1 p1 (repeat from *) until last stitch, k1
Round 24: apply surface crochet, put the loop from the last stitch on the knitting needle
Round 25: pass loop from crochet hook over the first stitch; knit first stitch; k until the last marker binding off in pattern (i.e. k1, *k1 p1 (repeat from *) until last stitch, k1 - this creates the upper bind-off.
(Now you have 70 sts (84 - 14 BO sts) on your needles.)
The diagram shows where to insert the surface crochet stitches during part 2.
- use your working yarn to add slip stitches to the knitted surface, i.e. insert the crochet hook into the first live stitch on the needle and pull the loop, then insert the crochet hook into the stitch below the second stitch and make a slip stitch (see photo), insert the crochet hook into the second stitch below the 3rd stitch on the needle and make a slip stitch;
- continue slip stitches "one to the left, one down" until you have reached the middle between two markers,
- then go up again, i.e. make a slip stitch into the stitch one to the left and one above; continue until you have reached a live stitch on the needle - this should be a stitch just after a marker
- when you have pulled a slip stitch through the stitch below the last stitch of the round, put the loop back on the left knitting needle and pass it over the first stitch of the round.
- make sure to keep your slip stitches loose, i.e. don't pull them too tight, in order to keep the fabric stretchy
- insert your knitting needle between the legs of the stitch - except when you are at the upper edge (i.e. life knit stitches on your needle), here you draw the slip stitch through the life stitch.
Complete the BO by slipping the last stitch over the first stitch and continue the pattern flat.
Row 1 (RS): * k to marker mk1r slip marker, k1, mk1l (repeat from * until the last marker), k to end (-> after this row you have increased by 8 stitches)
Row 2 (WS): p
Row 3 (RS): k
Row 4: apply surface crochet (on RS), put the loop from the last stitch on the knitting needle
Row 5 (RS): k2tog (loop from crochet hook and first stitch on knitting needle); k to end
Row 6 (WS): * p to 1 st before marker, mk1p left-leaning, p1, slip marker, make1p right-leaning (repeat from * until last marker), p to end
Row 7 (RS): k
Row 8 (WS): p
Row 9 : apply surface crochet (on RS), put the loop from the last stitch on the knitting needle
Row 10 (WS): p2tog (loop from crochet hook and first stitch on knitting needle); p to end
Repeat rows 1-7 once again.
(You should now have 102 sts on your needles; 4 times increases of 8 sts per row (4*8 = 32), added to the 70 already on the needles: 70+32 = 102)
When you're applying the surface crochet in part 3, you don't start through the 1st live stitch on the needles but below (see picture). In the first two instances (rows 4 and 9), this is not a problem because you only need to insert your crochet hook one or two stitches below, i.e. you don't need to draw the yarn too far. Afterwards (row 14) you can bring your yarn down to the starting point of the surface crochet by doing one surface slip stitch on the WS of the mitts.
On the diagram below you can see that even though you have finished row 3 for the 2nd time, the first crochet slip stitch would be 3 stitches below the first live stitch.
Hold the RS togehter and do a three-needle bind-off 26 stitches. Place a marker ("end-marker") on the back needle and put the last stitch on the back needle: then turn the mitts inside out, so that the RS shows.
Part 4 - Short rows to even out the sharf
As you can see in the photo, the lower edge of the mitts is now lopsided. This can be evened out by knitting a wedge of short rows.
This wedge is highest around end-marker and gets flatter towards the sides, i.e. short rows are knitted around the end-marker that get shorter by 2 stitches each row. At the same time decreases are made around the end-marker in order to finish with 45 stitches before part 5.
After the three-needle BO you have 51 sts on your needles (102-26-26+1, the +1 is the one stitch is left after the BO that is placed on the back needle).
Row 1: (RS) mk1, k25 w+t
(WS) sl1, p21 p2tog p1, slip marker, mk1p, p23 t+ky
(RS) k to 3 before end marker, ssk
(-> increases and decreases cancel each other out in this row (still 51 sts), the mk1-stitches are used to avoid holes between the stitch left over from the three-needle-BO and the next stitch on either side)
Row 2: (RS) k22 w+t
(WS) sl1 p19 p2tog p1, slip marker, p2togtbl, p20 t+ky
(RS) k2 to end marker (-> decrease by 2 sts, 49 sts)
Row 3: (RS) k19 w+t
(WS) sl1 p16 p2tog p1, slip marker, p2togtbl, p17 t+ky
(RS) k2 to end marker (-> decrease by 2 sts, 47 sts)
Row 4: (RS) k16 w+t
(WS) sl1 p13 p2tog p1, slip marker, p2togtbl, p14 t+ky
(RS) k2 to end marker (-> decrease by 2 sts => there should be 45 stitches on your needles, however, they may be difficult to count because of the double stitches created with the short rows.
Row 5: (RS): k13 w+t
(WS): sl1 p to end marker, p12 t+ky
(RS): k to end marker
Row 6: (RS): k11 w+t
(WS): sl1 p to end marker, p10 t+ky
(RS): k to end marker
Row 7: (RS): k9 w+t
(WS): sl1 p to end marker, p8 t+ky
(RS): k to end marker
Row 8: (RS): k7 w+t
(WS): sl1 p to end marker, p6 t+ky
(RS): k to end marker
Row 9: (RS): k5 w+t
(WS): sl1 p to end marker, p4 t+ky
(RS): k to end marker
Knit one round picking up all stitches.
Part 5 - Lengthen the shaft and ribbing
Knit 5 more rounds.
Then do 12 rounds of k1tbl, p2-ribbing.
Bind off (loosely) in pattern (or use your favourite stretchy bind-off).